The effect of forward shoulder correction on pulmonary function of elementary female students

AUTHORS

Mahtab Najafi 1 , * , Saeed Ghaeeni 2 , Naser Behpoor 3

1 Dept. of Physical Education, School of Physical Education, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran

3 Dept. of Sport Physiology, School of Physical Education, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Najafi M, Ghaeeni S, Behpoor N. The effect of forward shoulder correction on pulmonary function of elementary female students, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2013 ; 17(6):e77050.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (6); e77050
Published Online: September 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 06, 2013
Accepted: June 25, 2013
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Abstract

Background: Human body posture influences on his/her physiological functions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of forward shoulder correction on pulmonary function of elementary female students.

Methods: Subjects of this quasi-experimental research were two groups (n=20) of students with Normal posture (NP) and forward shoulder posture(FSP)  which is divided randomly into two control (n=10) and experimental (n=10) groups. Experimental work included stretch-strength training for 6 weeks. The amount of shoulder deviation and slow vital capacity (SVC) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were evaluated at pretest and post test by Double Square device and spirometre respectively. 

Results: the results of paired t-test indicated a significant reduction of shoulder deviation and significant increase of SVC and FVC due to experimental work in the FSP group (P≤0.05) but in the NP group no significant changes were observed.

Conclusion: based on these findings, corrective exercises causes FVC and SVC improvement through correction of elementary female students’ forward shoulder posture.

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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