Prevalence of spinal abnormalities among the male junior high school students of Kermanshah city

AUTHORS

Hasan Pirani 1 , Dariuosh Shahmoradi 2 , Shiva Noori 3 , * , Tooraj Mohamadzaman 1

1 Eslam Abad Gharb Branch, Islami Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Sahneh Branch, Islami Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

3 M.S. in Sports Biomechanics, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Eslam Abad Gharb Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Pirani H, Shahmoradi D, Noori S, Mohamadzaman T. Prevalence of spinal abnormalities among the male junior high school students of Kermanshah city, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2017 ; 21(1):e69546. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v21i1.2349.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 21 (1); e69546
Published Online: May 30, 2017
Article Type: Original Article
Received: November 30, 2016
Accepted: April 18, 2017
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Abstract

Introduction: Skeletal abnormalities affect physical efficiency and fitness during daily life and sports activities. This research was carried out to evaluate different spinal abnormalities of male junior high school students.

Methods: The study population comprised of male junior high school students in Kermanshah, Iran, among whom 390 students were selected by cluster sampling. The required data were collected by spinal examination using New York test, Thomas test, Adam’s test, and flexible ruler, and the data of somatotypes were collected by Sheldon method. The obtained data were analyzed by descriptive statistics.

Results: The results showed that 18.93% of students were in normal physical condition, and 81.03% of them suffered from at least one kind of abnormality. Among spinal abnormalities, the sway back and flat back abnormalities (2.56%) were found to have the lowest prevalence and right shoulder dropping (65.64%) and hyperlordosis (38.46%) were found to have the highest prevalence. Regarding their body type, 61.8% of the samples were ectomorphic, 21.79% were endomorphic, and 16.41% were mesomorphic.

Conclusion: The findings showed a high incidence of abnormalities among students. Although this level of prevalence is less than those of some other societies, it is obviously indicative of a lack of sufficient attention to the physical health of students.

Keywords

Abnormality spine male students

© 2017, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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