The Effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation on Learning Fine Motor Skills: A Preliminary Study

AUTHORS

Mohammad Reza Shahabi Kaseb 1 , * , Arezou Mehranian 2 , Khosro Rezaei 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Assistant Professor of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Khorasan Razavi, Iran

2 M.S.c in Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Khorasan Razavi, Iran

3 Ph.D. Students of Medical Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Khorasan Razavi, Iran

How to Cite: Shahabi Kaseb M R, Mehranian A, Rezaei K. The Effect of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation on Learning Fine Motor Skills: A Preliminary Study, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2016 ; 20(2):e69701. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v20i2.2922.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 20 (2); e69701
Published Online: September 19, 2016
Article Type: Original Article
Received: April 11, 2016
Accepted: September 11, 2016
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Abstract

Introduction: Preparation of neuromuscular system prior to performing motor skills affects the learning of motor skills. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) on limb coordination and accuracy in dart throwing skill.

Methods: Thirty two male students were randomly selected as study sample. Based on the pretest scores, the participants were divided into three groups: experimental (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation), first control (without warm-up), and second control (specific warm-up). During the acquisition phase, the participants first performed the preparation training related to their own group, then all groups performed the exercise program of dart throwing consisting of 6 blocks of 9 trials in 4 training sessions. Finally, 20 days following the last exercise session, the subjects took the retention and transfer tests.

Results: The results of one-way ANOVA test for coordination variable in acquisition test showed no significant difference between the groups, while there was a statistically significant difference between groups regarding coordination variable in retention and transfer tests. Furthermore, the results of one-way ANOVA for the accuracy variable in acquisition and retention tests showed no statistically significant difference between the three groups, while there was a statistically significant difference between groups for accuracy variable in transfer test.

Conclusion: It seems that proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, as a preparation method before performance, can enhance the efficacy of training to better learn the coordination pattern of fine motor skills.

Keywords

Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) accuracy coordination fine motor skills

© 2016, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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