The effect of mobilization on improvement of physical function in knee osteoarthritis

AUTHORS

Mahdi Tavakkoli 1 , Farid Bahrpeyma 2 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Paramedicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Dept of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 15 (1); e69713
Published Online: May 19, 2011
Article Type: Original Article
Received: January 07, 2010
Accepted: June 08, 2010

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Abstract

Background: Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most common disabilities, which may lead to some limitations in physical activity. This study aimed to evaluation of grade one mobilization in improvement of physical function.

Methods: In this single blind clinical trial with a randomized sampling method, 30 patients of grade two or three, knee osteoarthritis were assigned into three groups: group one mobilization + exercise therapy, group two exercise therapy and group three mobilization. Ultrasound with the intensity below 0.2 w/cm2 in three minutes was used for all groups as placebo. The duration of treatment was 10 sessions for three weeks. Outcome was measured by WOMAC questionnaire form (Likert type) before and one week after treatment.

Results: Physical function showed no significant difference between before and after treatment and between before treatment and follow up among the groups (P>0.05). The difference of physical function after treatment compared to before treatment was significant in all groups (P<0.05).  Only group one showed a significant difference of physical function at the follow up period compare to before treatment (P<0.05).

Conclusion: This study confirmed that grade one mobilization of patellofemoral joint may improve physical function of the grade two or three knee in osteoarthritis patients. Exercise therapy combined with mobilization, would prolong treatment effect up to one week.

Keywords

mobilization knee osteoarthritis physical function exercise therapy

© 2011, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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