Sleep Hygiene Index: reliability and validity of the Persian version in the male population

AUTHORS

Azita Chehri 1 , Hiwa Mohammadi 2 , Saeedeh Negahban 3 , Habibolah Khazaie 2 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Psychology, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Sleep Disorders Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Kermanshah, Iran

3 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Chehri A, Mohammadi H, Negahban S, Khazaie H. Sleep Hygiene Index: reliability and validity of the Persian version in the male population , J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2016 ; 20(1):e69744. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v20i1.3074.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 20 (1); e69744
Published Online: June 19, 2016
Article Type: Original Article
Received: April 05, 2016
Accepted: April 26, 2016
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Abstract

 

Introduction: Inadequate sleep hygiene may result in difficulties in daily functioning; therefore, reliable scales are important to measure sleep hygiene. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Persian version of Sleep Hygiene Index (SHI) in the male population.

Methods: In this study, 787 men, who were selected by cluster random sampling, filled out the SHI, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). A subset of the participants (20%) completed SHI after a 4–6 week interval to measure test–retest reliability. Then, the Pearson product–moment correlation coefficients of SHI against PSQI, ESS, and ISI were computed to demonstrate the construct validity of SHI. The factor structure of SHI was evaluated by explanatory factor analysis.

Results: The interclass correlation coefficient was 0.85, and SHI was found to have a good test–retest reliability (r = 0.86, p < 0.01). The SHI was positively correlated with the total score of PSQI (r = 0.62, P < 0.01), ESS (r = 0.63, P < 0.01) and ISI (r = 0.61, P < 0.01). Exploratory factor analysis extracted three factors, namely “sleep–wake cycle behaviors” (four items), “bedroom factors” (three items), and “behaviors affecting sleep” (six items).

Keywords

Sleep Hygiene Index Validity Reliability Men Persian

© 2016, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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