Comparison of periodontal manifestations in amphetamine and opioids' consumers
Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: March 20, 2016, 19 (7); e69753
March 19, 2016
Article Type: Original Article
September 13, 2015
January 26, 2016
N. Comparison of periodontal manifestations in amphetamine and opioids' consumers,
J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci.
Background: Drug abuse is one of the most important etiologic and deteriorating factors in periodontal disease. Amphetamines and opioids, the most commonly used drugs worldwide, play an important role in this regard. The aim of this study was to compare the periodontal status of amphetamines and opioids consumers in Kermanshah city, Iran in 1393.
Methods: Three drug rehabilitation clinics were selected randomly in Kermanshah. According to inclusion and exclusion criteria, 20 amphetamine consumers and 20 opioid consumers were selected randomly and participated in this study. A questionnaire for drug use and periodontal variables was designed. The collected data were entered into SPSS-18 software and Mann-Whitney and t-test were used for statistical analysis.
Results: Pocket depth, gingival index and gingival bleeding in amphetamines users were more than those in opioids consumers (P<0.021). Plaque index and gingival recession in opioids users were more than those of amphetamines consumers (P<0.001). The number of periodontal disease cases in amphetamines group were 13 persons (65%) and in opioids group 8 persons (40%).
Conclusion: Our study showed that periodontal hygine in amphetamine consumers was worse than opioid consumers.
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