Epidemiology of deaths due to traffic accidents in Kermanshah province (2012)

AUTHORS

Azam Malekifar 1 , Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari 2 , * , Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Epidemiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Dept. of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Legal Medicine Research center, Tehran, Andorra

How to Cite: Malekifar A, Hashemi Nazari S S, Ghadirzadeh M R. Epidemiology of deaths due to traffic accidents in Kermanshah province (2012), J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2016 ; 19(6):e69796. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v19i6.2409.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 19 (6); e69796
Published Online: January 29, 2016
Article Type: Original Article
Received: August 08, 2015
Accepted: December 01, 2015
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Abstract

Background: The increasing trend of traffic accidents is one of the most serious problems of public health. The aim of this paper was to investigate the fatal traffic accidents in Kermanshah province.

Method: All research data required were obtained from Legal Medicine Organization and analyzed by Stata-11 software. Traffic statistics available on the Road Maintenance and Transportation Organization website were used to study the death rate per month and day according to traffic level on suburban highways.

Results: The incidence rate of age-standardized deaths due to road traffic accidents was 26.1per 100,000 people, and the mean age of the dead was 39.98±21.60 years. The mortality rate was higher in men, those more than 40 years old, married, illiterate and self-employed. Considering the traffic rate on suburban roads, the highest death rate occurred in the warmest months of the year during the day. Furthermore, most deaths were due to collisions and the highest frequency of death was reported for the car occupants. In most cases, head injuries and head traumas were the final cause of death. A significant correlation was reported between the type of vehicle and the cause of death and how the accident occurred (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The mortality rate due to traffic accidents in Kermanshah province is high. Surveillance over the suburban roads in hot seasons and male drivers is of particular importance.

Keywords

Road traffic injuries Kermanshah epidemiology mortality

© 2016, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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