Effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on depression symptoms and emotional schema inwomen with major depressive disorder

AUTHORS

Yazdan Naderi 1 , Hadi Parhoon 2 , * , Robabeh Nouri 2 , Shahram Mohammadkhani 2 , Maryam Taghizadeh 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Dept. of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Clinical Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University,Karaj, Iran

How to Cite: Naderi Y, Parhoon H, Nouri R, Mohammadkhani S, Taghizadeh M. Effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on depression symptoms and emotional schema inwomen with major depressive disorder, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2015 ; 19(4):e69861. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v19i4.2541.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 19 (4); e69861
Published Online: September 19, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: May 19, 2015
Accepted: July 28, 2015
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Abstract

Background: mindfulness has an important role in depression. The present study investigatedthe impact of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on emotional schema and depression symptoms in women with major depressive disorder.

Method:In this experimental pretest-posttest study, twenty four patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) were selected by convenience sampling and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The experimental group received MBSR therapy over two months. Beck Depression Questionnaire and Leahy Emotional Schema Scale (LESS) were used to collect the data in the pre-test, post-test and two-month follow-up. Data were analyzed by mixed analysis of variance.

Results: MBSR significantly reduced the symptoms of depression (P<0.01) and maladaptive emotional schemas (p<0.01), and increased adaptive emotional schemas (P<0.01) in experimental group in the post-test and follow-up.

Conclusion:The results of this study revealed the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction in reducing the severity of depression and maladaptive emotional schema in depressed patients.

Keywords

Mindfulness stress reduction emotional schema major depressivedisorder

© 2015, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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