The effect of brief behavioral activation treatment on symptoms of depression, mental health and quality of life among the patients with opioid abuse

AUTHORS

Jafar Hasani 1 , Hadi Parhoon 1 , Khodamorad Momeni 2 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Clinical Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of Psychology, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 19 (2); e70706
Published Online: May 29, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: December 01, 2014
Accepted: May 12, 2015
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Abstract

Background: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders comorbid with  with substance use disorder. This research was aimed to evaluate the effect of brief behavioral activation treatment on the symptoms of depression, mental health and quality of life among the patients with opioid use disorders.

Methods: In a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest control group design, 24 patients taking opiates were selected through convenience sampling method and randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. The experimental group was treated for two months. BDI-II, GHQ-28, WHOQOL-BREF were given to both groups before and after treatment and in the 2-month followup period. The results were analyzed using mixed analysis of variance.

Results: The results showed that brief behavioral activation treatment significantly reduced the symptoms of depression (P<0.01) and increased mental health (p<0.01) in the experimental group in the post-test and follow-up phases, but had no significant impact on the patients’ quality of life (P>0.05).

Conclusion: brief behavioral activation treatment is capable of reducing the severity of symptoms of depression and improving the mental health of patients with substance use disorders.

Keywords

Behavioral activation treatment mental health drug abuse depression quality of life

© 2015, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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