Relationship of child abuse with personality features and high risk behaviors in adolescents

AUTHORS

Mehdi Ghezelseflo 1 , * , Mehdi Rostami 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and educational Sciences, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Dept. of Counseling, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Ghezelseflo M, Rostami M. Relationship of child abuse with personality features and high risk behaviors in adolescents, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2015 ; 19(2):e70708. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v19i2.2066.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 19 (2); e70708
Published Online: May 29, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: December 29, 2014
Accepted: April 28, 2015
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Abstract

Background: Children are one of the most vulnerable groups of the society and are constantly threatened by different people in their family or society. The aim of this study was investigating the correlation of child abuse with personality features and high risk behavior in high school students of Islamshahr, Iran.

Methods: This study cross-sectional analytical was conducted on the high school girls and boys of Islamshahr in spring 2014.528 students were selected by cluster random sampling among 4 high schools (two female and two male high schools). Childhood trauma questionnaire, NEO-Five Factor Inventory and Youth Risk-Taking Scale were used for data collection. Data were analyzed by independence t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression.

Results: The results of independence t-test indicated significant differences between girls and boys in terms of child abuse and high risk experience (t=-2.16,p=0.03 and t=-5.03, P=0.001, respectively). Also, the results demonstrated a significant relationship between child abuse and personality characteristics, high risk behavior and all its subscales (P<0.05). The findings of multiple linear regressionindicated that child abuse could explain 14% total risk-taking, 25% neurotic personality feature , 14% extroversion, 10% agreeableness, 1% flexibility and 13% conscientiousness (P<0.05).

Conclusion: According to the research findings, appropriate behavior with children is of great importance. Therefore, child abuse would form inappropriate personality features and increase risk behaviors among children.

Keywords

Child abuse personality features high risk behavior adolescents

© 2015, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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