The prevalence of malnutrition and its related factors among the elderly of Bojnourd, 2014

AUTHORS

Seyyed Hamid Nabavi 1 , Taiebeh Aslani 2 , * , Sara Ghorbani 2 , Seyyed Hamed Mortazavi 3 , Masomeh Taherpour 4 , Sajad Sajadi 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Addiction & Behavioural Sciences Research Centre, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Bojnourd, Iran

2 Faculty of Health, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Bojnourd, Iran

3 Elderly Care Research Centre, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Bojnourd, Iran

4 North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences & Health Services, Bojnourd, Iran

5 Dept. of Social Work, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Nabavi S H, Aslani T, Ghorbani S, Mortazavi S H, Taherpour M, et al. The prevalence of malnutrition and its related factors among the elderly of Bojnourd, 2014, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2015 ; 19(1):e70718. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v19i1.2473.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 19 (1); e70718
Published Online: April 29, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: November 23, 2014
Accepted: January 06, 2015
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Abstract

Background: Nutrition plays a very important role in the health and disease of the elderly, and malnutrition is an obstacle to increasing the quality of life of the elderly. This study was conducted to assess malnutrition and its related factors among the elderly of Bojnourd in 2014.

Methods: This study was descriptive cross-sectional. The study population included all the elderly of Bojnourd, among whom 120 elderly were recruited by cluster sampling method. Data were collected using interviews, observation and questionnaires by referring to the homes, hospitals and elderly care centers. In this study, Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) was used. Data analysis was performed by chi-square test.

Results: The mean age of elderly was 71.73±9.70 years. 56.7% of the samples were men and 43.3% were women. 30% of the elderly had a good nutrition, 62.2% of them were at the risk of the malnutrition and 7.5% were malnourished. The results showed that mal malnutrition significantly more seen in female gender, low level of education, smoking single status, staying in nursing home than those hospitalized or are active in community, but no significant difference was reported between age and socioeconomic status.

Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of malnutrition in the elderly, and possibility of malnutrition among the elderly, further attempts are required to be made to improve the quality of life and to reduce illness and disability in this population.

Keywords

Malnutrition elderly related factors

© 2015, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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