The years lived with disability due to road traffic accidents based on the nature of injuries in Kermanshah province (2010)
Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: March 30, 2015, 18 (12); e70728
March 29, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
September 17, 2014
February 03, 2015
F, Hashemi Nazari
S S, Soori
A. The years lived with disability due to road traffic accidents based on the nature of injuries in Kermanshah province (2010),
J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci.
Background: Traffic accidents, with lots of casualties and injuries, cause a lot of economic loss. This study was conducted to determine the Years Lived with Disability (YLD) due to road traffic accidents according to the nature of injuries in Kermanshah province.
Methods: following a pilot study, a sample of 3258 people was analyzed in order to calculate the YLD. Then, based on various factors, the age, gender and nature of injury of 10070 people were estimated. The YLD was calculated using the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) (2010). The data concerning age and gender of the total population of the province was taken from the Statistical Center of Iran. All calculations were performed based on age and gender in Excel software.
Results: The mean age of the injured people was 32.7±17.1. Men constituted 67.7 % of patients. The incidence rate of traffic accidents was 283.6 per 100,000. The highest levels of YLD in outpatients, men and women were reported for patella, tibia, fibula and ankle fractures and fractures of clavicle, scapula, humerus and skull, respectively. The highest rate of inpatient YLDs by nature of injury belonged to the fractures of sternum, ribs and face bone. The years lived with disability was calculated to be 2365.96 years (2.46 per 1000) and 1039.01 years (1.1 per 1000) for men and women, respectively. It was 3404.97 years (1.79 per 1000) in both genders. The highest YLD was in the age group of 15–29.
Conclusion: Traffic accidents are high rate of YLD is resulted by traffic accidents. The most affected age group are youngsters and fracture are more frequent.
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