Comparison of maternal and umbilical cord blood selenium levels in preterm and term neonates

AUTHORS

Ali Asghar Alipour 1 , Homa Babaei 1 , Mitra Hemmati 1 , Mansour Rezaei 2 , Zahra Hoseininezhad 1 , *

1 Dept. of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Social development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Alipour A A, Babaei H, Hemmati M, Rezaei M, Hoseininezhad Z. Comparison of maternal and umbilical cord blood selenium levels in preterm and term neonates, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014 ; 18(9):e74018. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i9.2069.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (9); e74018
Published Online: December 29, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: September 29, 2014
Accepted: December 09, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Selenium is a micronutrient that plays an important role in immunological mechanisms and body's resistance to pathogens, and may drastically impact the outcome of pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to compare selenium level in maternal blood and neonatal umbilical cord between term and preterm neonates.

Methods: In this cross–sectional analytical study, the study population consisted of term and preterm neonates that were born at Imam Reza hospital, Kermanshah, and their mothers in 2013. 82 samples were selected, and selenium level in maternal blood and neonatal umbilical cord was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Data were analyzed by SPSS-21 software using independent t-test, U Mann-Whitney and Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: Serum selenium levels in the umbilical cord blood of term and preterm neonates were 70.11±11.6 and 56.98±13.13 µg/L, respectively, that showed a statistically significant difference (P<0.001). Serum selenium levels in the maternal blood of term and preterm neonates were 92.77±12.87 and 81.29±15.89 µg/L, respectively, which indicated a significant difference (P<0.001). However, in both term and preterm infants, there was a significant correlation between serum selenium level of maternal blood and neonatal umbilical cord blood (P<0.001).

Conclusion: Serum selenium level in maternal blood and neonatal umbilical cord blood of preterm neonates was lower than that of term neonates. Moreover, there was a significantly direct correlation between serum selenium level of maternal blood and neonatal umbilical cord blood.

Keywords

selenium term neonate treterm neonate

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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