Effect of spiritual therapy on blood pressure, anxiety and quality of life in patients with high blood pressure

AUTHORS

Maryam Kalhornia Golkar 1 , * , Shokohosadat Banijamali 2 , Hadi Bahrami 1 , Hamidreza Hatami 3 , Hasan Ahadi 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Humanistic& Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Education & Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Imam Hossein Comprehensive University, Tehran, Iran

4 Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

How to Cite: Kalhornia Golkar M, Banijamali S, Bahrami H, Hatami H, Ahadi H. Effect of spiritual therapy on blood pressure, anxiety and quality of life in patients with high blood pressure, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014 ; 18(8):e74039. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i8.1993.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (8); e74039
Published Online: November 29, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: August 04, 2014
Accepted: October 14, 2014
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Abstract

Background: High blood pressure is the most important risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of spiritual therapy on blood pressure, anxiety and quality of life in patients with high blood pressure.

Method: This study was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest and control group design. The sample consisted of 30 patients with high blood pressure refering to Kangavar Healthcare center that were selected through convenience sampling and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. The instrument for data collection included Cattel’s Anxiety Scale, the World Health Organization Quality of Life and a manometer. After assigning the sample into two groups, the experimental group received spiritual therapy in addition to pharmaceutical therapy, while control group only received drug treatment.

Results: Analysis of covariance showed spiritual therapy reduced the systolic blood pressure and anxiety of patients. Also, it increased the patients’ quality of life, however, it did not have a significant effect on the diastolic blood pressure of patients.

Conclusion: It is concluded that spiritual therapy as a useful method to improve the anxiety, quality of life and blood pressure of patients with high blood pressure.  

Keywords

Spiritual therapy high blood pressure anxiety quality of life

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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