Psychometric properties of the 34-item Body Shape Questionnaire in students

AUTHORS

Kheirollah Sadeghi 1 , Sayed Mojtaba Ahmadi 1 , Mansour Rezaei 2 , Fatemeh Veisy 1 , * , Fahimeh Raeesi 3 , Jamileh Shahverdi 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Clinical Psychology, Kermanshah University of Medical Science, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Faculty of Humanity, Islamic Azad University of Marvdasht, Marvdasht, Iran

How to Cite: Sadeghi K, Ahmadi S M, Rezaei M, Veisy F, Raeesi F, et al. Psychometric properties of the 34-item Body Shape Questionnaire in students, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014 ; 18(6):e74083. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i6.1886.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (6); e74083
Published Online: September 29, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: June 09, 2014
Accepted: September 16, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Currently, concern about body shape is an important issue for teenagers that should be studied more. The aim of the present study was to examine the factor analysis, validity and reliability of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34) in a sample of students in Kermanshah University Medical of Science.

Methods: This study was carried out on 273 students, selected through convenient sampling method, in Kermanshah University Medical of Science. The BSQ-34 was translated into Persian. Data collection tools were BSQ-34 and Appearance Schema Inventory (ASI). The data were analyzed by SPSS-16 software using Spearman correlation coefficient, factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha and Guttman split-half correlation.

Results: The coefficients of Cronbach’s alpha, split-half and test-retest reliability were 0.95, 0.93 and 0.82, respectively. The correlation coefficient of this questionnaire with Appearance Schema Inventory (ASI) was 0.63. The results of factor analysis showed 6 factors accounted for 61.87% of the questionnaire variance in total.

Conclusion: The 34-item Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-34) enjoys satisfactory internal consistency and desirable validity and reliability in the case of Iranian students.

Keywords

Body Shape Questionnaire factor analysis validity reliability

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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