Comparison of the effect of acupressure at spleen 6 and liver 3 points on the anxiety level of patients with primary dysmenorrhea- Blind randomized controlled clinical trial

AUTHORS

Mahboobeh Kafaei Atrian 1 , Azam Sameie 2 , Maliheh Sarvieh 3 , Neda Mirbagher Ajorpaz 4 , * , Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi 5

1 Dept. of Midwifery, Kashan University Of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.- Dept. of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences (International branch), Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Paramedicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

3 Deputy of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran

4 Dept. of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University Of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran.- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (International branch), Tehran, Iran

5 Medical Education Research Center, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

How to Cite: Kafaei Atrian M, Sameie A, Sarvieh M, Mirbagher Ajorpaz N, Asghari Jafarabadi M. Comparison of the effect of acupressure at spleen 6 and liver 3 points on the anxiety level of patients with primary dysmenorrhea- Blind randomized controlled clinical trial, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014 ; 18(5):e74094. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i5.1732.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (5); e74094
Published Online: August 29, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: April 07, 2014
Accepted: August 12, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Anxiety is a factor that is associated with dysmenorrhea. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of acupressure at spleen 6 and liver 3 points on the anxiety level of patients with primary dysmenorrhea.

Methods: In this randomized clinical trial study, acupressure was applied on spleen 6 and liver 3 points. Sixty seven students were evaluated in three menstrual periods. They were assigned to groups using a randomized block design with allocation ratio of 1:1 based on the severity of pain. Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) and visual analogue scale for pain intensity were used. Analysis was performed by SPSS-16 software using chi-square, t-test, Mann–Whitney, paired sample t-test and covariance analysis.

Results: In liver 3 and spleen 6 groups, 11 and 17 students were studied, respectively. The mean ±SD values of apparent anxiety before and after intervention for liver 3 group were 45.100±9.769 and 38.100±10.608 and for spleen 6 group were 46.823±12.248 and 44.352±11.942, respectively. Reduction of apparent anxiety was only significant in the liver 3 group (p<0.001). Hidden anxiety, however, didn’t show any significant change before and after intervention (p>0.05) in both groups. There was no difference between groups before and after intervention (p>0.05).

Conclusion:  Since pressure on liver 3 point reduced apparent anxiety, pressure on liver 3 point is recommended in patients with dysmenorrhea.

Keywords

Dysmenorrheal anxiety liver 3 acupressure spleen 6

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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