Comparison of the clinical symptoms of myocardial infarction in the middle-aged and elderly

AUTHORS

Behzad Taghipour 1 , Hamid Sharif Nia 1 , * , Mohammad Ali Soleimani 2 , Mitra Hekmat Afshar 3 , Samaneh Shahidi Far 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Nursing, Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

3 Dept. of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Taghipour B, Sharif Nia H, Soleimani M A, Hekmat Afshar M, Shahidi Far S. Comparison of the clinical symptoms of myocardial infarction in the middle-aged and elderly, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014 ; 18(5):e74097. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i5.1565.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (5); e74097
Published Online: August 29, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 16, 2014
Accepted: August 05, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Myocardial infarction is a fatal symbol of cardiovascular diseases, which usually occurs in people over 45 years. However, the incidence of factors such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes and metabolic syndrome has increased the risk of developing early cardiovascular diseases in the middle-aged people. This study was conducted to compare the clinical manifestation of myocardial infarction in the middle-aged and elderly people.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the participants were 366 patients less and more than 55 years old with acute myocardial infarction admitted to the CCU of Imam Reza Hospital in Amol. Data were collected using demographic form and a checklist of clinical symptoms. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS (version 20) using descriptive statistics, chi-square, odds ratio and the Mantel-Haenszel (α= 0.05 and d=0.3).

Results: The results showed that patients over 55 years manifested the symptoms of shortness of breath (1.66), weakness (2.62), vomiting (1.98) and hiccups (2.19) more than the patients under55 years. Also, by controlling the confounding effect of gender, these symptoms had emerged in >55 year-old patients than in <55 year-old ones.

Conclusion: According to the results, the elderly patients have more chance of manifesting nonspecific symptoms. Therefore, the healthcare providers, especially nurses should be more careful in this regard during the initial assessment.

Keywords

Acute Myocardial infarction age middle-aged elderly clinical manifestations

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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