Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and its relationship with anxiety symptoms in students of Zanjan universities (2009)

AUTHORS

Seyed Abolfazl Ghoreishi 1 , * , Sima Nikmanesh 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Psychiatry, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

2 Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

How to Cite: Ghoreishi S A, Nikmanesh S. Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and its relationship with anxiety symptoms in students of Zanjan universities (2009), J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014 ; 18(5):e74100. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i5.1777.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (5); e74100
Published Online: August 29, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 05, 2014
Accepted: August 19, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is the fourth most common mental disorder that can adversely affect the people’s life. University education is a stressful time for almost all students and many newly-accepted students are at the risk of periodical OCD. In this study, the prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and its relationship with anxiety symptoms was investigated in students of Zanjan universities.       

Method: The students were analyzed by a questionnaire, including the demographic information, Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale.The acquired data were analyzed by SPSS software using Chi-square Test.

Results: 61.2% of the students (738) were affected by Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) symptoms and 25.1% of them (302) were affected by anxiety symptoms (mild to severe). Prevalence of Clinical OCD among the students was estimated 22.2 % (268) .The results of statistical analysis showed significant correlations between Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and anxiety symptoms (P=0.0005), sex (P=0.0005) , age (P=0.005) and university (P= 0.002)    

Conclusion: This study demonstrated a higher prevalence of OCD among the study sample compared to the similar studies performed in Iran as well as other countries

Keywords

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder anxiety symptoms students

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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