Prevalence of food and airborne allergens in allergic patients in Kerman

AUTHORS

Hamed Fouladseresht 1 , * , Saeid Safiri 2 , Mohammad Moqaddasi 3 , Mohammad Sadegh Razeghi 1 , Nasrin Bazargan 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Dept. of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

4 Dept. of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (4); e74114
Published Online: July 29, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 03, 2014
Accepted: July 08, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Detection of various environmental allergens is the major challenge in allergic diseases and the only treatment is avoiding these allergens. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of food and airborne allergens in allergic patients using Skin Prick Test (SPT).

Methods: A cross-sectional study was done on clinically confirmed patients of atopic-dermatitis (n=54), allergenic-rhinitis (n=64) and chronic-urticaria (n=39) who referred to asthma and allergy clinic at Afzali-Pour hospital in Kerman during 2008-2010. Skin prick test was done using allergen extracts to determine the patients' sensitivity to food and airborne antigens.

Results: Fifty-nine percent of patients responded to at least one allergen. Allergy to airborne and food allergens was 55.9 % and 21.7%, respectively. Chenopodiaceae (22.9%) and egg white (10.2%) were most prevalent airborne and food allergens.  Allergy to cockroach, egg white, egg yolk and tomato was significantly higher in males than in females (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The results indicated that allergy to food and airborne allergens is different depending on the nutrition and environmental conditions.

Keywords

Allergens atopic dermatitis rhinitis urticaria

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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