Consumption pattern of lipids and the factors affecting their selection among families in Kermanshah (2011)

AUTHORS

Yahya Pasdar 1 , Mansour Rezaei 2 , * , Mitra Darbandi 3 , Parisa Niazi 4 , Roya Safari Faramani 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Faculty of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Students Research Committee, Faculty of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Dept. of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

5 Dept. of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 18 (1); e74274
Published Online: April 29, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 14, 2013
Accepted: March 04, 2014
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Abstract

Background: Choosing appropriate edible oils and right consumption amounts play an important role in the promotion of public health and prevention of chronic diseases. This study was aimed to evaluate the consumption level of various edible oils and factors affecting their selection among families in Kermanshah.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 500 families selected from six different areas using multi-stage cluster sampling method. Data were collected through face to face interview using a demographic questionnaire and a questionnaire about consumption of different edible oils. Descriptive statistics and regression and chi-square tests were applied  to analyze the data.

Results: The mean of edible oil consumption was 69.75±3.8 g/day per capita, more than half of which (34.7±2.2 g/day) was supplied by hydrogenated fat.  31.4% of total daily energy intake was supplied by lipids from which 15.6% was supplied by hydrogenated fat, that is higher than the recommended level, maximum 10% (P<0.05). There was a positive relationship between socioeconomic status and rising consumption of oils instead of fats (r=0.2, P<0.001). 

Conclusion: This study showed that the daily consumption of hydrogenated fat was higher than half of the lipids consumed by families. Given the complications resulting from saturated fat consumption, decreasing the production of hydrogenated fat and increasing the nutritional knowledge of families through public media and educational programs are highly recommended.

Keywords

edible oils hydrogenated fat socio-economic status Kermanshah

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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