The relationship between maternal pregestational body mass index and head circumference of infants

AUTHORS

Negin Rezavand 1 , Abolhassan Seyedzadeh 2 , * , Maryam Zangeneh 1 , Firoozeh Veisy 1 , Mansour Rezaie 3 , Sara Mostofi 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kermanshsh University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Pediatrics, Kermanshsh University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Dept. of Biostatistics, Kermanshsh University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Students Research Committee, Kermanshsh University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Rezavand N, Seyedzadeh A, Zangeneh M, Veisy F, Rezaie M, et al. The relationship between maternal pregestational body mass index and head circumference of infants , J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014 ; 17(12):e74281. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v17i12.1179.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (12); e74281
Published Online: March 29, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 17, 2013
Accepted: January 07, 2014
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Abstract

Background: The infantile head circumference is an accepted criterion for measurement of fetal development that has a direct association with development of the nervous system. Maternal body mass index (BMI) is an important determining factor that can be useful for the mother’s metabolic state and growth modulation. The present study investigated the relationship between infantile head circumference and maternal pregestational BMI.

Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 366 women with singleton term pregnancy (37 to 41 weeks) and normal delivery in Imam Reza and Motazedi Hospitals of Kermanshah University of Medical Science were studied. Maternal pregestational BMI was calculated by pregestational weight and height. Then, the relationship between  infantile head circumference and maternal BMI was studied.

Results: There was not any statistically significant correlation between familial marriage, smoking, gestational age, parity and gender, and the variables under study. However, there was a statistically significant correlation between infantile  head circumference, infantile  BMI ratio, and maternal pregestational BMI. Also, there was a significant correlation between the maternal age and newborn's head circumference.    

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that infantile head circumference in mothers with high BMI was higher than in mothers with normal and low BMI. Furthermore, the findings revealed no significant correlation between gestational age, infantile growth and maternal education level. Considering the importance of this topic, further investigations are required to study the relationship between fetal growth and maternal BMI. 

Keywords

BMI infantile head circumference pregnancy

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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