Comparison of craving for opioid in opioid-dependent individuals and people under methadone maintenance treatment
Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: February 28, 2014, 17 (11); e74310
February 27, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
May 08, 2013
September 17, 2013
H, et al. Comparison of craving for opioid in opioid-dependent individuals and people under methadone maintenance treatment,
J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci.
Background: Methadone Maintenance Therapy (MMT) is the most important treatment for opioid -dependency recurrence. The aim of this study was to compare the craving level in opioid-dependent individuals and people under methadone maintenance therapy.
Methods: In this case – control study, 120 men with opioid dependency were selected through cluster sampling method. They were divided into two groups, 60 people in opioid-dependent group and 60 people in MMT group. Both groups were matched for age, sex, marital status, education, duration of opioid dependency and method of consumption. Then, they completed INCAS Substance Abuse Profile (ISAP), opiate withdrawal symptoms checklist, self–report of craving, Desire for Drug Questionnaire (DDQ), Obsessive Compulsive Drug Use Scale (OCDUS) and visual cue-induced craving questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS 15 using t-test and ANOVA.
Results: Mean craving for drug significantly was lower in MMT group comparing opioid-dependent group (P<0.01).
Conclusion: Methadone Maintenance Therapy decreased the craving for drugs and substances This can have an important role in relapse prevention.
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