Comparison of craving for opioid in opioid-dependent individuals and people under methadone maintenance treatment

AUTHORS

Azita Chehri 1 , * , Fereshteh Mirzaei 2 , Habibolah Khazaei 3 , Omid Rezaei 4 , Hamed Ekhtiari 5 , Azarakhsh Mokri 6 , Behruz Dolatshahi 7 , Peyman Hassani Abharian 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 PhD. Candidate of General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research branch, Tehran, Iran

2 M.A. In Clinical Psychology, Rojan Methadone Therapy Center, Mehrshahr, Karaj, Iran

3 Sleep Disorders Research Center, Department of Psychology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences,Tehran, Iran

5 Neurocognitive Laboratory of Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6 Clinical Department, Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

7 University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (11); e74310
Published Online: February 27, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 08, 2013
Accepted: September 17, 2013
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Abstract

Background: Methadone Maintenance Therapy (MMT) is the most important treatment for opioid -dependency recurrence. The aim of this study was to compare the craving level in opioid-dependent individuals and people under methadone maintenance therapy.

Methods: In this case – control study, 120 men with opioid dependency were   selected through  cluster sampling method. They were divided into two groups, 60 people in opioid-dependent group and 60 people in MMT group. Both groups were matched    for age, sex, marital status, education, duration of opioid dependency and method of consumption. Then, they completed INCAS Substance Abuse Profile (ISAP), opiate withdrawal symptoms checklist, self–report of craving, Desire for Drug Questionnaire (DDQ), Obsessive Compulsive Drug   Use Scale (OCDUS) and visual cue-induced craving questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS 15 using t-test and ANOVA.

Results: Mean craving for drug significantly was lower in MMT group comparing opioid-dependent group (P<0.01).

Conclusion: Methadone Maintenance Therapy decreased the craving for drugs and substances This can have an important role in relapse prevention.

Keywords

Drug craving methadone maintenance treatment opioid

© 2014, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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