The survival rate of self-immolators in Kermanshah Province 2010- 2011

AUTHORS

Farid Najafi 1 , Touraj Ahmadijouybari 2 , * , Mehdi Moradinazar 3 , Maria Ataie 2 , Behzad karamimatin 4 , Reza karamimatin 3 , Masoumeh Hatami 3 , Afshin Almasi 3

1 Research Center for Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Internal Medicine, Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Dept. of Health Services Management and Public Health, University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Najafi F, Ahmadijouybari T, Moradinazar M, Ataie M, karamimatin B, et al. The survival rate of self-immolators in Kermanshah Province 2010- 2011, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2013 ; 17(9):e74342.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (9); e74342
Published Online: December 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 28, 2013
Accepted: October 08, 2013

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: Self-immolation is one of the most violent methods of suicide, which is spreading in Iran. The highest rate of deaths due to committing suicide and self-immolation in Iran is observed in Kermanshah province. This research was conducted to study the survival rate and the factors that influence survival among the ones who commit self-immolation in Kermanshah province.

Methods: In this study, all the cases who did not survive, as well as all the ones who were hospitalized due to self-immolation in Kermanshah province during 2010 and 2011 were examined. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the survival function, and in order to do the comparisons, Logrank test and Cox Regression were employed using Stata 12 software.

Results: The results indicated that during 2010 and 2011, 343 individuals committed self-immolation in Kermanshah Province, while, 288 (84%) were women. Also, it was found that 184 (53%) did not survive, the mean and median of survival time in those who committed suicide deliberately, were 33±2.6 and 11±2 days respectively. Estimation of survival rate using Logrank test indicated that survival rate had a significant relationship with age, mental disorders, drug addiction, and TBSA (Total Body Surface Area), while it did not suggest a statistically significant relationship with gender, marital status and cause of injury. After multivariate analysis using Cox regression, only two variables of age and TBSA could remain in the model and the other variables were excluded from the model.

Conclusion: The death toll due to self-immolation is very high and the mean and median of survival time among the people who committed self-immolation is very low. Therefore, it is recommended that remedial action be performed quickly without wasting time.

Keywords

Survival Self-Immolation TBSA

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

References

  • 1.

    The references of this article is available on PDF

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: