The effect of education based on extended parallel process model (EPPM) on the self-medication of elderly in Zarandieh

AUTHORS

Mahmood Karimy 1 , * , Mohsen Shamsi 2 , Iraj Zareban 3 , Jalil Kuhpayehzadeh 4 , Hamid Baradaran 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Physical Education, School of Humanities, Zarandieh Islamic Azad University, Zarandieh, Iran

2 Dept. of Public Health , Faculty of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

3 Dept. of Health Education, Health Promotion Research Centre, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

4 Dept. of Social Medicine, Faculty of Nurse, Saveh Medical Sciences Faculty, Saveh, Iran

How to Cite: Karimy M, Shamsi M, Zareban I, Kuhpayehzadeh J, Baradaran H. The effect of education based on extended parallel process model (EPPM) on the self-medication of elderly in Zarandieh, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2013 ; 17(8):e74391.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (8); e74391
Published Online: November 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 02, 2013
Accepted: August 13, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Self-medication can be defined as obtaining and consuming drugs without the prescription of a physician either and it might have serious consequences. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of education based extended parallel process model (EPPM) on the self-medication among elderly in Zarandieh.

Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 elderly men were selected randomly and were randomly divided into two equal groups of experimental and control groups (45 in each). Data was collected through a questionnaire consisting of extended parallel process model (EPPM) questions and a performance checklist on self-medication which was used in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the educational program. The participants in the two groups filled out the questionnaire, and then intervention was done during a month in 5 sessions, 45 minutes, and finally the data of the two groups were collected and analyzed using SPSS18.

Results: Before educational program, there was no statistically significant difference between two groups regarding self-medication and extended parallel process model constructs. However after intervention, independent sample t-test showed a statistical significant difference between two groups (P<0.05) in knowledge, perceived susceptibility and severity, response efficacy, self-efficacy and practice. In addition, self-medication rate decreased significantly among the experimental group compared to controls after intervention (p<0.01) (33% V.S 13%).

Conclusion: Results of this study confirmed the efficiency of extended parallel process model in prevention of self-medication behaviour among elderly individuals.

Keywords

education elderly extended parallel process model self-medication

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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