Environmental impacts of Tehran poultry slaughterhouse of nemone using TOPSIS technique

AUTHORS

Seyed Ali Jozi 1 , * , Maryam Firouzei 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Environment, Faculty of Technical &Engineering, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Iran

2 Dept. of Environment, Faculty of Environment and Energy, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Iran

How to Cite: Jozi S A, Firouzei M. Environmental impacts of Tehran poultry slaughterhouse of nemone using TOPSIS technique , J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2013 ; 17(8):e74394.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (8); e74394
Published Online: November 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 16, 2013
Accepted: September 24, 2013

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Abstract

Background: The current research was carried out to assess the environmental impacts caused by Tehran Poultry Slaughterhouse of Nemone and to offer an Environmental Management Plan.

Methods: In this research, Technique  for Order  Preference by  Similarity  to  Ideal Solution (TOPSIS), as one of the most reliable techniques from  Multi Attribute  Decision  Making (MADM),  was applied  to assess environmental impacts caused by Tehran Poultry Slaughterhouse of Nemone. Thus, by determining the related options and criteria of decision making Matrix, the weight of indices and options were calculated and graded. After identification and prediction of the slaughterhouse impacts on the environment, he required criteria and potential options were identified through analyzing the impacts. Delphi questionnaire was applied to finalize the introduced criteria. Then TOPSIS method was utilized in 6 steps.

Results: Among the most significant impacts in the slaughterhouse, the first priority was allocated to the wastewater with the weight of 1following the noise, air and odor pollution with the weights of 0.664, 0.508 and 0.327 respectively. Noise assessment results indicated that the measured noise was beyond the permissible level. The results of air pollutions experiments were lower than that of the standard.

Conclusion: The results indicated that the effluent quality was not suitable to be discharged into the surface water or wells and it was not suitable for irrigational and agricultural purposes too. To minimize the environmental harmful impacts of slaughterhouse, the environmental management plan was proposed of which the most important case was the optimization of the wastewater treatment system.

Keywords

impacts assessment technique poultry slaughterhouse environmental management

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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