The role of type D personality and emotional intelligence with mediating of perceived stress and coping styles in the quality of life of coronary heart disease patients

AUTHORS

Reza Soltanishal 1 , * , Hamidreza Aghamohammadian Sharbaf 2 , Hossein Karshki 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

2 Dept. of Education, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

How to Cite: Soltanishal R, Aghamohammadian Sharbaf H, Karshki H. The role of type D personality and emotional intelligence with mediating of perceived stress and coping styles in the quality of life of coronary heart disease patients, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2013 ; 17(7):e74464.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (7); e74464
Published Online: October 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 10, 2012
Accepted: April 16, 2013

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Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death. One of its most insidious forms is coronary heart disease (CHD) which decreases patient's quality of life. Research indicates that psychological factors are interrelated with coronary heart disease patients' quality of life. In the present study, the role of type D personality and emotional intelligence with mediating of perceived stress and coping styles in quality of life of coronary heart disease patients was investigated.

Methods: One hundred eighteen heart disease patients through excessive Convenience Sampling method were selected and completed the questionnaires of Type D personality, Coping Style, The Perceived Stress, the Emotional Intelligence and WHOQOL. Direct effects and the mediation model of variables were evaluated through path analysis by Lisrel software.

Results: Emotional Intelligence had a significant role in perceived stress, coping styles and quality of life. Moreover, Type D personality had a significant role in perceived stress and coping styles but no significant role in the quality of life. Perceived stress and coping styles had a direct role in quality of life and significantly mediated the relationship between type D personality and emotional intelligence with patients' quality of life. Reduction of heart disease patients' quality of life had a negative relationship with stress and emotional coping style and positive relationship with emotional intelligence and problem solving coping style.

Conclusion: Teaching the adaptive coping style, personality type, stress management and emotional intelligence could lead to improve the quality of life among coronary heart disease patients.

Keywords

quality of life coping style stress personality emotional intelligence

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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