Comparing FLAIR and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MRI in meningeal diseases

AUTHORS

Keyghobad Ghadiri 1 , Elham Shobiri 2 , Behzad Tanghatari 2 , Yousef Gholipour 3 , Mansoor Rezaie 4 , Parastoo Majidipour 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Nosocomial Infection Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Radiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Dept. of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (5); e77060
Published Online: August 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 08, 2013
Accepted: May 28, 2013

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Abstract

Background: As the frequency, increasing development and permanent neurologic complexes of meningeal diseases are significant, employing MRI is vital. Because of the frequency and sensitivity of FLAIR and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR images for detecting leptomeningeal comparing these two in this regards seems to be vital. The purpose of this study is to compare these two sequences and to determine which sequence is superior for depicting meningeal diseases since applying appropriate sequence helps diagnosing the disease fast and accurately.

Methods: This study is a descriptive-analytic one in which 49 patients were selected from among patients referred to Imam Reza Hospital of Kermanshah in 2010 during 8 months. To obtain data information form was employed. Two specialists in radiology investigated the obtained data by both sequences. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 and X2.

Results: The degree of contrast enhancement was superior in FLAIR sequence with contrast in 21 patients, equal in 10 and inferior in 18. Number, conspicuity, and enhancement of meningeal infection, in the FLAIR sequence with contrast was superior to the T1W sequence with contrast and the T1W sequence with contrast was superior to FLAIR sequence with contrast in evaluation of number, conspicuity and enhancement of cranial tumors.

Conclusion: Employing FLAIR sequence with contrast is helpful in early diagnosis of meningeal infections.

Keywords

meningitis magnetic resonance imaging tumor

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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