Correlation between carotid stenosis and severity of coronary disease in diabetic candidates for angiography in cardiology clinic of Shariati Hospital in 2011

AUTHORS

Darioush Kamal Hedayat 1 , Hossein Karim 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Cardiovascular Disease, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 17 (1); e77142
Published Online: April 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 23, 2012
Accepted: September 25, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Coronary disease is the most common cause of death in the world. Because of common risk factors, atherosclerotic stenosis of coronary and carotid arteries occurs together. This study evaluated the prevalence of carotid stenosis in diabetic candidates for angiography

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 152 diabetic candidates for angiography referred to cardiology clinic of Shariati Hospital in 2011 went under angiography and Doppler echocardiography. Data were analyzed employing chi-square and ordinal regression.

Results: Results indicated a negative correlation between carotid stenosis and coronary disease (P=0.017) which means without coronary disease, there was 1.7 times less risk for carotid stenosis. Age, duration of diabetes, side of carotid stenosis, and plaque size showed no effects on these variables, while female gender (P=0.03), no history of variables like smoking (P=0.026), hypertension (P<0.001), cerebral vessels disease (p=0.003), and family history of coronary disease (P=0.01) showed significant effect on relation between coronary disease and carotid stenosis.

Conclusion: In female diabetic patients, with history of smoking, hypertension, cerebral vessels disease and family history of coronary disease, carotid stenosis and coronary disease have co-incidence without relation to these factors. It appears that diabetes independently causes involvement in both carotid and coronary arteries.

Keywords

carotid stenosis coronary disease diabetes

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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