A comparative study of prevalence for anxiety disorders in Bipolar I patients with or without opioid dependency

AUTHORS

Atefeh Ghanbari Jolfaei 1 , * , Amir Shabani 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Mental Health Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Ghanbari Jolfaei A, Shabani A. A comparative study of prevalence for anxiety disorders in Bipolar I patients with or without opioid dependency , J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2013 ; 16(8):e77280.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 16 (8); e77280
Published Online: March 29, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 20, 2012
Accepted: July 31, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Anxiety disorders and substance abuse are commonest comorbidities among Bipolar I Disorder (BID) patients. This study investigated the prevalence of anxiety disorders among BID patients based on their dependency on opioid.

Methods: In this cross sectional study the BID patients in Iranian hospital of psychiatry were divided into two 89-patient groups; one group was considered as opioid dependent and the other as non-dependent. Then clinical characteristics and prevalence of anxiety disorders were inspected by demographic and clinical questionnaire, the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders (Persian version), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and Young Rating Scale for Mania. The collected data were analyzed using T-test, Chi square and logistic regression.

Results: Among anxiety disorders, only panic disorder was significantly different  between two groups of BID patients

Conclusion: There is a different correlation between opioid dependency and comorbidity of various types of anxiety disorders in BID patients.

Keywords

opioid dependency anxiety disorders bipolar I disorder

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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