The prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism in Kermanshah in 2006-2010

AUTHORS

Keyghobad Ghadiri 1 , Mitra Darbandi 2 , * , Lida Khodadadi 2 , Nahid Khademi 3 , Mehr Ali Rahimi 4 , Mohammad Heidari 5 , Keyvan Khassi 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Infectious Disease Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Public Health, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Disease Department, Kermanshah Health Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Dept. of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

5 Dept. of Epidemiology, School of Health, Kerman University of Medical Science, Kerman, Iran

How to Cite: Ghadiri K, Darbandi M, Khodadadi L, Khademi N, Rahimi M A, et al. The prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism in Kermanshah in 2006-2010, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2013 ; 16(7):e77296.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 16 (7); e77296
Published Online: February 27, 2018
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 02, 2012
Accepted: June 05, 2012

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is one of the most important causes of mental retardation in children and only if diagnosed early, its complications can be prevented. The worldwide incidence of congenital hypothyroidism is one in 3000-4000 live births but 2.2/1000 in Iran.  The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of congenital hypothyroidism in Kermanshah during 2006-2010.

Methods: This was a descriptive–analytical study. All infants that were born in Kermanshah city from 2006 to 2010 were studied. On days 3-5 after birth blood sampled were obtained from their heel and the samples were referred to the Health Center .The concentration of TSH was determined by filter paper, using ELISA method. Data were collected via recorded information in Kermanshah City Health Center and focal hypothyroid physician.

Results: 68587 infants were screened with 97% screening rate. The recall rate was 6/3percent.116 children were treated of which 65(56%) of them were males and 51(44%) were female. 28.4 percent of them had positive consanguineous marriage. There was statistically significant correlation between the TSH level and consanguineous marriage. The incidence of CH was 169 per 100000 live birth.

Conclusion: Because the incidence of CH is higher than that of the global rates, continuation and strengthening of newborn screening programs should be considered as a health priority.

Keywords

congenital hypothyroidism neonates screening

© 2013, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

References

  • 1. The references of this article is available on PDF
  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: