Color blindness in male drivers referred to Samenol-A'emeh clinic in Kermanshah (2005-2008)

AUTHORS

Soheila Reshadat 1 , Nasrin Azami 1 , Seyed Ramin Ghasemi 1 , * , Ali Almasi 1 , Ali Azizi 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Reshadat S, Azami N, Ghasemi S R, Almasi A, Azizi A. Color blindness in male drivers referred to Samenol-A'emeh clinic in Kermanshah (2005-2008), J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2012 ; 16(5):e77357.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 16 (5); e77357
Published Online: December 29, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 27, 2011
Accepted: February 28, 2012

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Abstract

Background: Color blindness is an inherited disorder in which a person cannot distinguish colors from each other.  Color blind drivers are involved in car accident twice as much as others. According to the importance of identifying causes of a lot of car accidents in Iran and shortage of similar studies in this regards, this research was done to study the prevalence of color blindness in drivers.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study all drivers (28009)- who referred to optometry unit of Samen-ol-Aeme Clinic of Kermanshah in 2005- 2008 - were examined by Ishihara Test. Data was analyzed using SPSS software and descriptive statistics.

Results: From 28009 drivers in this research just 784 individuals (2.88%) were diagnosed as color blind. The most types of color blindness were deuteranopia (55.4%), Red-Green (20.7%), and protanopia (14.2%) respectively. Also during 2005 and 2006 the prevalence of color blindness was 3.23%, in 2007 was 3.02% and in 2008 this prevalence decreased to 1.93%.

Conclusion: The prevalence of color blindness in this study was lower than similar studies, but with regard to its relation with car accidents, it is suggested that authorities pay attention to screening of color blindness in drivers.

Keywords

color blindness color vision testing drivers road traffic accidents

© 2012, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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