The protective effect of curcumin on scopolamine induced spatial learning and memory deficits in rats

AUTHORS

Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami 1 , Ali Pourmotabbed 1 , * , Niloufar Khademi 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Physiology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Student Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Ghadami M R, Pourmotabbed A, Khademi N. The protective effect of curcumin on scopolamine induced spatial learning and memory deficits in rats, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2012 ; 16(3):e78796.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 16 (3); e78796
Published Online: September 29, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 11, 2011
Accepted: January 03, 2012

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Abstract

Background: The cholinergic system plays an important role in learning and memory. Administration of extracts of Curcuma longa or its constituent, curcumin, have some roles in cognitive function in animals. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of curcumin in preventing spatial performance impairment induced by scopolamine, a cholinergic receptor antagonist, in rats using Morris Water Maze (MWM).

Methods: Male Wistar rats (Razi Institute, Tehran, Iran) received curcumin (10, 30 or 60 mg/kg, i.p.) 30 min before injection of scopolamine (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) for 6 consecutive days. Spatial learning and memory parameters in the same days were tested using MWM. For this purpose, escape latency and swim distance to hidden platform were tested for four consecutive days. In probe trials, percentage of time that animals spent in target quadrant was recorded. 24h later, visible version of MWM was performed in which escape latency to visible platform and swim speed were tested. 

Results: Administration of scopolamine impaired the formation of spatial learning and memory processes. Pre-injection of curcumin (60 mg/kg) prevented the effect of scopolamine on training days but had no significant effect on percentage of time that animals spent in target quadrant during probe trials. In the visible version of MWM, there was no any significant difference in spatial performance among studied groups.

Conclusion: Considering the protective effect of curcumin, it seems that higher dose of curcumin has an interaction with cholinergic system in the formation of spatial learning in rats.

Keywords

scopolamine curcumin spatial performance rat Morris Water Maze

© 2012, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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