Psychosocial risk factors in patients with cardio-vascular diseases in Kermanshah (2006)


Jalal Shakeri 1 , Nasrin Jaberghaderi 1 , Mansour Rezaei 2 , * , Mojgan Saeedi 1 , Mehdi Naleini 3 , Abdorrasoul Moloodi 4


1 Dept. of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Center for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Cardiac Patients, Imam Ali Cardiac Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Dept. of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran


Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 16 (3); e78801
Published Online: September 29, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 21, 2011
Accepted: January 17, 2012




Background: The present study is the one in which a wide range of socio-psychological risk factors were analyzed with a focus on patients with cardio vascular diseases (CVD) in Kermanshah, Iran. The aim of this study is to assess psycho-social risk factors status in patients with CVD in Kermanshah.

Methods: In this survey 308 subjects (168 men and 140 women), who had been diagnosed as CVD patients in the last year completed the psycho-socio-medical risk factors check list, Beck depression inventory, state-trait anxiety inventory of Spielberger, hostility- anger inventory of Buss & Perry and type A interview form of Rosenman.

Results: Men significantly had higher educational and better marital status than women. Clinical depression, both moderate trait and state anxiety, type A dominant personality, hostility and anger were prevalent in the participants. There were significant differences between men and women regarding these psychological risk factors. Women generally reported more negative features as compared to men. In fact, they were more introspective than men, and men were more aggressive than women.

Conclusion: Psycho-social risk factors and gender status both appeared to be determinants of physical well-being. Both CVD patients and others at risk might benefit from preventive actions and psychological interventions.


anxiety depression hostility anger type A behavior

© 2012, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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