Oral red and white lesions prevalence in patients referred to oral pathology department during last two decades, Isfahan, Iran

AUTHORS

Seyed Mohammad Razavi 1 , Amir Mansuor Shirani 2 , Mehrdad Akhavan Khaleghi 3 , Saber Khazaei 3 , * , Alireza Haerian 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

2 Dept. of Oral Medicine, Islamic Azad University of Khorasgan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Student Research Committee, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

4 Dept. of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

How to Cite: Razavi S M, Shirani A M, Akhavan Khaleghi M, Khazaei S, Haerian A. Oral red and white lesions prevalence in patients referred to oral pathology department during last two decades, Isfahan, Iran, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2012 ; 16(1):e78884.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 16 (1); e78884
Published Online: May 29, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 11, 2011
Accepted: October 04, 2011

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Abstract

Background: Oral white and red lesions are usually assumed as premalignant lesions. Epidemiological characteristics of these lesions seem to be important. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the oral red and white lesions in patients referred to oral and maxillofacial pathology department in Isfahan School of Dentistry during last two decades.

Methods: In this descriptive study, clinical profiles of oral pathology department from 1988 to 2008 were reviewed. Gender, age, location and type of lesions and referring time were recorded. Data was analyzed using Chi-square with SPSS 11.5 statistical software.

Results: 6509 patients referred to oral pathology department, which 1047 (16.1%) cases recorded as red and white lesions. The most prevalence red and white lesions were Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma (PGCG) and Lichen Planus respectively. The mean age of red lesions was 33.9 ± 17.9 year with a prevalence rate of 57.8% in women. The mean age of white lesions was 44.92 ± 13.09 with the most prevalence rate of 67% in women.  The most prevalent red (18.5%) and white (31.8%) lesions were related to age ranges of 31-40 and 41-50 years old.  Red lesion mainly located in Gingival (79%) and white lesion in buccal mucosa (57.4%).

Conclusion: Prevalence of white and red lesions is increasing in the recent years. More studies are required to investigate the probability of white and red lesions malignancy.

Keywords

red lesions white lesions prevalence

© 2012, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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