Correlation between mother's attachment style and school anxiety of their educable mental retarded children

AUTHORS

Mohammad Taheri 1 , * , Shahab Mansouri 1 , Ebrahim Zarei 1 , Khalil Qasemi 2 , Saeed Soltani-Bahram 3 , Bahar Arshi 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Exceptional Children Psychology, University of welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran

2 Dept. of Exceptional Children Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Dept. of Social Welfare, University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran

4 Dept. of Speech Therapy, University of welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Taheri M, Mansouri S, Zarei E, Qasemi K, Soltani-Bahram S, et al. Correlation between mother's attachment style and school anxiety of their educable mental retarded children, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2012 ; 15(6):e78898.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 15 (6); e78898
Published Online: March 19, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 03, 2011
Accepted: September 06, 2011

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Abstract

Background: According to the attachment theory, anxiety disorders due to the child and based on attachment disorders are defined. This study examined the relationship between mother's attachment style and school anxieties of mentally retarded male students.  

Methods: All mentally retarded male students of secondary schools during academic year of 2008-2009 in Shiraz were studied (127 students). The adult attachment style questionnaire (AAS -1987) used to assess maternal attachment and school anxiety test (SAS-TR) was applied to assess school anxiety of mental retarded students. The Spearman correlation and Kelomogrof- Smirnoff statistical tests used for data analyses.

Results: Secure attachment style of mothers had a negative significant correlation with school anxiety (p<0.001).  Insecure avoidant and insecure ambivalent attachment style of mothers showed positive significant correlation with school anxiety (p=0.031 and p<0.002, respectively).

Conclusion: Mother’s attachment style may influence on school anxiety of mental retarded children.

Keywords

attachment style school anxiety educable mentally retarded

© 2012, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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