Effects of pioglitazone injection into hippocampal CA1 area on spatial learning and memory deficits in rats

AUTHORS

Amir Farshchi 1 , * , Golbarg Ghiasi 1 , Gholam-Reza Bahrami 2 , Ali Pourmotabbed 3 , Sayyed-Ershad Nedaee 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Studenr Research Committee, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Dept. of Phisiology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Farshchi A, Ghiasi G, Bahrami G, Pourmotabbed A, Nedaee S. Effects of pioglitazone injection into hippocampal CA1 area on spatial learning and memory deficits in rats , J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2011 ; 14(4):e79440.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 14 (4); e79440
Published Online: March 19, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
Received: December 13, 2009
Accepted: June 08, 2010

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Abstract

Background: Pioglitazone from thiazolidinediones generation, represent a new antidiabetic drugs that have been introduced in the world recently. Thiazolidinediones can improve insulin resistance by activating the nuclear peroxoxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) and increasing insulin sensitivity in their receptors. Insulin and its receptors are found in specific areas of CNS with a variety of region-specific functions. The effects of insulin in CNS are different from its direct glucose regulation in the periphery. Hippocampus and cerebral cortex distributed insulin/insulin receptor have been shown to be involved in brain cognitive functions. In the present study, the effect of pioglitazone microinjection into CA1 region of rat hippocampus using Morris water maze performance has been investigated.

Methods: In this experimental study, male N-MRI rats were randomly divided into control, DMF (dimethyl formamide) and pioglitazone groups (0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 µg/rat). Drugs were injected (1 µl/rat) into CA1 region bilaterly during 1 min. Thirty minutes after the intrahippocampal injection of drugs, water maze training was started.

Results: Pioglitazone had a dose dependent effect. The spatial learning and memory didn’t change with lower dose of pioglitazone, but improved with intermediate doses, while they impaired with higher dose.

Conclusion: These results suggest that intrahippocampal injection of pioglitazone may have a dose-dependent effect on spatial learning and memory in rats in range of 0.001 to 1 µg/rat.

Keywords

pioglitazone hippocampus spatial learning and memory morris water maze rat

© 2011, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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