Prevalence of gestational diabetes and its risk factors in Kermanshah 2009

AUTHORS

MehrAli Rahimi 1 , * , Zhale Dinari 2 , Farid Najafi 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Diabets Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Health Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Rahimi M, Dinari Z, Najafi F. Prevalence of gestational diabetes and its risk factors in Kermanshah 2009, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2010 ; 14(3):e79478.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 14 (3); e79478
Published Online: December 19, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 29, 2009
Accepted: March 02, 2010

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Abstract

Background: Prevalence of gestational diabetes (GD) varied between 1-14% around the world. Such variation in the prevalence of GD as well as no available information in Kermanshah encouraged us to design this study aimed to investigate about prevalence of GD and factors associated with this condition in Kermanshah.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive analytic study was designed. The study population was 1720 pregnant women referred to Kermanshah's primary health and treatment centers. All recorded information within their profiles including demographic data, last pregnancies, familial history, result of GCT and OGTT (if data were available) was collected. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate statistical methods (logistic regression).

Results: Prevalence of GD cases was 3.43%. Diabetic mothers were more obese and older than non-diabetic mothers and greater proportion of such women had previous history of GD, still birth, familial history of diabetes, history of abortion, macrosomia and PCO. In multivariate analysis showed that age, obesity, familial history of diabetes, previous history of GD and abortion increased the risk of GD.

Conclusion: The prevalence of GD in Kermanshah is comparable with other studies in Iran. Controlling related risk factors may reduce risk of GD.

Keywords

diabetes pevalence gestational dabetes pregnant women

© 2010, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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