The effects of coping strategies on prediction of cognitive-somatic anxiety and self-confidence of individual and group student

AUTHORS

Mohammad A. Keshavarzi 1 , * , Saeed Ariapooran 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Dept. of Educational Science, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept.of Psychology, School of Human Sciences, University og Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

How to Cite: Keshavarzi M A, Ariapooran S. The effects of coping strategies on prediction of cognitive-somatic anxiety and self-confidence of individual and group student , J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2010 ; 14(2):e79514.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 14 (2); e79514
Published Online: September 19, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 05, 2009
Accepted: January 26, 2010

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Abstract

Background: The effect of coping strategies on modification of competitive anxiety and self-confidence is controversial. The purpose of this study was investigation of the role of coping strategies on competitive anxiety and self-confidence in individual and group athletes.

Methods: 700 group and individual athletes were selected from five counties of Kermanshah province, Western Iran, applying multi-stages clustered sampling method. Data was collected using coping strategies with competitive sport questionnaire and competitive anxiety scale.

Results: Findings showed that task and emotion orientation strategies was correlated   to  cognitive-somatic anxiety and task orientation strategies was correlated  to self-confidence (p<0/005). Multiple regression analysis showed that task and emotion orientation strategies predict 0.779 variations of cognitive-somatic anxiety and 0.541 variations of self-confidence (p<0.001).  Multiple analyses of variance indicated that mean scores of cognitive-somatic anxiety in group athletes and self-confidence in individual athletes was higher than the others. There was no difference between group and individual athletes in coping strategies (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Our findings supported the correlation between coping strategies with cognitive-somatic anxiety and sportive self-confidence hypothesis. Task orientation strategies but not emotion orientation strategies may reduce cognitive-somatic

Keywords

coping strategies anxiety self-confidence group athletes individual athletes

© 2010, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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