Frequency of somatoform disorders among Farabi hospital referrals in Kermanshah during 1996-2006

AUTHORS

Jalal Shakeri 1 , * , Nasrin Abdoli 1 , Somayye Kalantari 1 , Somayye Nasseri 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Shakeri J, Abdoli N, Kalantari S, Nasseri S. Frequency of somatoform disorders among Farabi hospital referrals in Kermanshah during 1996-2006, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2010 ; 14(2):e79517.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 14 (2); e79517
Published Online: September 19, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 17, 2009
Accepted: January 05, 2010

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Abstract

Background: Somatoform disorders referred to group of mental disorders designated by physical symptoms without medical conditions, direct effect of medications or other recognized mental disorder. The objective of this study was determining of epidemiology and frequency of somatoform disorders in Kermanshah.

Methods: The epidemiologic data were obtained on the basis of a 26-item questionnaire from the records of patients have been attended Farabi Hospital during 1996-2006.

Results: Among somatoform disorders, the highest and the lowest frequency were related to conversion (61.1%) and pain (2.9%) disorder. These disorders were more prevalent among low socioeconomic classes and showed direct correlation with low educational level.  Somatoform disorders were less prevalent in males (51.1%) than females (68.5%). There was higher prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder in singles (70.7%) than married. The frequency of somatoform disorders was higher in young people.

Conclusion: Our findings are concordant with the DSM-IV-TR criteria. We conclude that somatoform disorders may relate to culture, manner of interviewing patients and environment.

Keywords

epidemiology somatoform disorders Kermanshah

© 2010, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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