Comparison of the effect of carbohydrate rich supplement and diet on premenstrual syndrome

AUTHORS

Zohre Mahmoodi 1 , * , Farangis Shahpoorian 2 , Farideh Bastani 3 , Soosan Parsay 4 , Fatemeh Hoseini 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Karaj Medical Science School, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran

2 Nursing Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Dept. of Health, Schoolof Health, Iran University fo Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Dept.of Social Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Dept.of Statistics, School of Management and Medical Information Science, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Mahmoodi Z, Shahpoorian F, Bastani F, Parsay S, Hoseini F. Comparison of the effect of carbohydrate rich supplement and diet on premenstrual syndrome , J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2010 ; 14(1):e79531.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 14 (1); e79531
Published Online: June 19, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: August 14, 2009
Accepted: November 24, 2009

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Abstract

Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common disorders in women in reproductive age. The study aimed to assess the effect of carbohydrate-rich supplements and diets on premenstrual syndrome.

Methods: The study was conducted within two stages. First stage was descriptive cross sectional investigation to find out frequency and subjects diagnosed as PMS according to the APA criteria’s. 80 subjects were confirmed and selected for clinical trial. The second stage was cross over interventional study. Subjects were allocated into three groups; high carbohydrate diet, protein diet and carbohydrate supplements. All participants asked to follow the study protocol for three month and fill in Premenstrual Daily Syndrome Dairy   questionnaires.

Results: 76 participants completed the study and results revealed that PMS and its symptom’s intensity (mood, behavioral and physical) decrease significantly using high carbohydrate supplements and diets (p= 0.001) and carbohydrate supplement was more effective than high carbohydrate diet (p= 0.001). Both carbohydrate supplements and high carbohydrate diet had same effect on anger, depression and appetite.

Conclusion: The study concluded that consumption of carbohydrate supplements and high carbohydrate diet is recommended. Further researches need to be done regarding to positive effect of protein supplement on PMS.

Keywords

premenstrual syndrome high carbohydrate dietary supplements

© 2010, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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