Assessment of profile of fatty acids and trans fats in hydrogenated oils in Iran

AUTHORS

Gh Bahrami 1 , * , Sh Mirzaeei 1 , A Kiani 1 , G Atefi 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 7 (1); e81197
Published Online: June 19, 2003
Article Type: Research Article
Received: March 15, 2003
Accepted: June 15, 2003

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Abstract

Background & Objective: Different fat types have different health effects and Increasing   evidences indicate the greater importance of types of fat than total amounts of consumed fat with respect to risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). While intake of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats are negatively related to CAD, high consumption of either saturated  or trans fatty acids has detrimental effects on plasma lipoproteines and  positive relationship between their intake and riskof (CAD) has frequently been reported.This study was aimed to assess  the fatty acids profile  and trans fats in  hydrogenated oils  currently  available in Iran.

Material & Methods: Different commertial brands of hydrogenated oils were collected. The total lipid of each sample was extracted, derivitized with 2-nitrophenylhydrazide and subjected to fatty acids analysis by hplc.

Results: The results showed that all samples contain high amounts of trans fatty acids. On average, percentage of  trans fatty acids and  total trans and saturated fats were 34.6% and 59.1 % respectively. In some oils the total trans and saturated fatty acids was more than 70%.

Discussion: This study proposed that there are high levels of cholesterol rising fatty acids in available hydrogenated oils  in Iran. Because hydrogenated fats can be eliminated from the food supply by changes in processing that do not require major efforts in education and behavioral modification, these changes would be an extremely efficient and rapid method for substantially reducing rates of coronary disease.

Keywords

Fatty acid Trans fatty acid Saturated fatty acid Hydrogenated oil Coronary artery disease CAD

© 2003, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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