Effect of Zataria multiflora Boiss leaf hydroalcoholic extract on rat ileum

AUTHORS

MK Gharib Naseri 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 7 (3); e81258
Published Online: December 19, 2003
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 10, 2003
Accepted: December 05, 2003

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Abstract

Background& Objectives: Zataria multiflora Boiss is used in traditional medicine to treat gastrointestinal disorders and menorrhagia. The inhibitory effect of this herb on rat uterus contractions has also been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Zataria multiflora Boiss hydroalcoholic leaf extract (ZHLE) on isolated rat ileum in presence of some known ileum stimulants.

Materials and Methods: Pieces of male and female rat ileum were mounted in an organ bath containing Tyrode solution. Ileum contractions were recorded by means of an isotonic transducer and results were presented in mm or percentage. Ileum was precontracted by KCl, acetylcholine and BaCl2 in presence and absence of certain concentrations of ZHLE.

Results: ZHLE significantly reduced the contractions of the ileum precontracted by KCl (60mM), acetylcholine (0.05 μg/ml) and BaCl2 (4mM). The inhibitory effect of ZHLE on KCl-induced contractions was dose dependent. The inhibitory effect of ZLHE on KCl-induced ileum contraction was not affected by propranolol (1μM). The stimulatory effects of these three stimulants at the mentioned concentrations were similar but the inhibitory effect for acetylcholine was stronger than other stimulants.

Discussion :   ZHLE may induce the inhibitory effect through blockage of the voltage dependent calcium channels in ileum smooth muscle. These results are compatible with those results that are reported in rat uterus. The ineffectiveness of propranolol on ZLHE inhibitory effect indicates that adrenergic agonist substance (s) does not exist in the extract. It seems that there is anticholinergic substance(s) in the extract. The results support the usage of this plant in traditional medicine.

Keywords

Zataria multiflora Boiss antispasm KCl acetylcholine rat ileum

© 2003, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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