Prevalence and Monitoring of Epilepsy in Mentally Retarded Students(2002)

AUTHORS

SM Nachvak 1 , * , HR Haghighat 1 , M Rezaei 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 8 (3); e81398
Published Online: December 19, 2004
Article Type: Research Article
Received: July 05, 2004
Accepted: November 10, 2004

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Abstract

Introduction: Epilepsy is the most serious and prevalent neural disorder during childhood which its pervalance is increasing. The combination of epilepsy and mental ratardation leads to a considerable challenge and an economic load on the health system. The aim of this cross – sectional study was to identify the prevalence and monitoring of epilepsy among  6 to 21 years old mentally retarded students in Tehran.

Materials & Methods: The needed information, was collected  from medical records of students and  interviewing with parents.This study was done in autumn, 2002. At first , by referring to schools, the medical records of 4361 mentally retarded children were reviewed. Afterwards, some parents were randomly selected to be interviewed. Indices of age of onset, pattern of treament , parental knowledge and the time of the last seizure were used as monitoring determinants.

Results:The prevalence rate of epilepsy in these subjects was 10.55% which indicated a significant difference between the sexes (P = 0.001). In 51.1% of the students suffering from epilepsy, the age of onset was one year. 60.5% of the epileptic students  had at least one epileptic attack during the last two years. The pattern of  treatment medication in 46.1% of the epileptics, mentally retarded children was polypharmacy. Knowledge of 69.8% of the parents about epilepsy and how to  approach it was low or very low.

Conclusion : Because of high  prevalence and inadequate monitoring  as well as low knowledge of parents it is necessary for parents to have educational program on epilepsy.

Keywords

Epilepsy Mental Retardation Prevalence Mentally Retarded Children

© 2004, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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