Epidemiological Study of Anencephaly in Kermanshah (1996-2001)

AUTHORS

T Fakheri 1 , * , Sh Iranfar 1 , HR Saeedi-Borojeni 1 , M Dini 1 , M Taqavi 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 8 (4); e81506
Published Online: March 19, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 10, 2004
Accepted: February 05, 2005

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Abstract

Introduction: Considering that anencephaly is one of  the causes of stillbirth, and stillbirth determination is a health standard index, this study was conducted to determine the epidemiology of anencephaly in Kermanshah, during 1996-2001.

Materials & Methods: This  descriptive study  included all delivery records during 5 years(1996-2001). Variables, such as sex and gestational age of fetus and mothers’ parity, residence in town, job, previous illness, age and her relationship with her husband were analysed.

Results: In this study 81538 delivery records were studied in which 106 anencephal fetuses(1.3/1000) were identified. Female–male ratio was 2/1(60 versus 31). The Prevalence in females was 1.5 and in males it was 0.7 /1000.  Most cases were registered in 1996(24.5%). 79 of 106 anencephal fetuses were delivered in urban areas of Kermanshah.

Conclusion: Anencephaly was more prevalent in female fetuses (F/M=2). Further studies to find any relation between water chlorine and living area are recommended.

Keywords

Anencephaly Epidemiology Neural Tube Defect

© 2005, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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