The Causes of Seizure in Burned Children Hospitalized in Imam Reza Hospital of Mashad During 1996 to 2003
Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: September 20, 2005, 9 (2); e81572
September 19, 2005
Article Type: Research Article
April 10, 2005
August 10, 2005
E. The Causes of Seizure in Burned Children Hospitalized in Imam Reza Hospital of Mashad During 1996 to 2003,
J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci.
Introduction: Burning is one of the main accidents in pediatric medical emergency, which is commonly associated with metabolic, infectious and neurologic complications. The seizure is one of the most important complications in burned patients. This study was done to determine the causes of seizure in burned children hospitalized in Imam Reza.
Materials and Methods: This survey was a descriptive study based on available data in which 2212 burned children under 15 years old were selected and studied during 1996 to 2003.
Results: 365 patients had seizure attacks of which 86% had happened during the first 48h of admission. Most of the attacks occurred in children younger than 3 years old. Hyponatremia was the most frequent cause of seizure followed by history of previous seizure, febrile seizure, meningitis, head injury, unknown causes, hypoglycemia and hypocalcaemia.
Conclusion: It seems that seizure has significant frequency in burned children and it is preventable with respect to predisposing factors. We recommend that hyponatremia is the most important and frequent cause of seizure’ which should be prevented carefully.
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