Acute Renal Failure in a Child with Idiopathic Nephritic Syndrome (A Case Study)

AUTHORS

AA Niki Bakhsh 1 , * , H Mahmoudzadeh 1 , M Karamiyar 1 , B Ilkhanizadeh 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Iran

How to Cite: Niki Bakhsh A, Mahmoudzadeh H, Karamiyar M, Ilkhanizadeh B. Acute Renal Failure in a Child with Idiopathic Nephritic Syndrome (A Case Study), J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2006 ; 10(3):e81818.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 10 (3); e81818
Published Online: December 19, 2006
Article Type: Case Report
Received: July 07, 2018
Accepted: May 30, 2006

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Abstract

Introduction: Acute renal failure is an uncommon complication of idiopathic nephritic syndrome in children. Renal failure could be secondary to causes such as sever hypovolumia, acute tubular necrosis, interstitial nephritis, bilateral renal vein thrombosis, acute pyelonephritis and rapid progression of original glomerular disease. It may be idiopathic if the underlying cause is undetermined. Although idiopathic acute renal failure (IARF) has been described previously, this study presents histopathologic finding and outcome of IARF in a child with idiopathic nephritic syndrome.

Case Report: An 11 year - old girl with corticosteroid and cyclophosphamid resistant nephritic syndrome presented with acute renal failure. She was on cyclosporine one year ago but had relative response to cyclosporine, which presented with irreversible acute renal failure.

Discussion: IARF is a rare complication in children with idiopathic minimal change nephritic syndrome. The exact pathophysology of IARF is not well understood. Possible proposed explanations included severe interstitial oedema, peritonitis, hypovolemia, tubular obstruction, and altered glomerular permeability. In this case there is no justifiable cause for acute renal failure and IARF should be considered as a diagnostic possibility in this patient.

Keywords

Idiopathic Acute Renal Failure Nephritic Syndrome

© 2006, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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