Epidemiological Study of Traumatic Patients Referred to Neghavi Hospital of Kashan
Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: June 21, 2007, 11 (1); e81870
June 20, 2007
Article Type: Research Article
August 21, 2005
March 06, 2007
T. Epidemiological Study of Traumatic Patients Referred to Neghavi Hospital of Kashan,
J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci.
Introduction: Prevalence of traffic accident in Iran is reported to be higher than in the other countries. Health implication, social and economical costs of these accidental traumas has not been studied and documented in Kashan-Iran. The present research was conducted to determine epidemiological prevalence of traumatic patients who were referred to Naghavi Hospital of Kashan in 2005.
Materials and Methods: Demographic, economic, type of trauma and number of death cases of 6415 traumatic referred patients were studied. Data was collected using questionnaire based on existing data and face-to-face interview and coded in accordance with World Health Organization classification.
Results: 4992 traumatic patients were men (77.8%) and 1423 women (22.2%)aged 27.7 ± 17.1. Traffic accident caused 47.5% of traumas of which motorcycle accident was more common (60.6%). 15-25 years old age group was more affected than the other age groups (32.7%). 36.4% of injuries was located in hand and arm regions. Majority (79.2%) of death was caused by traffic accident and the average treatment cost was 1630000 Rial ($250).
Conclusion: The study confirmed that the most common factor of trauma was traffic accident. Traumatic accidents caused by motorcycles affect young males more frequently. It is recommended that health traffic management organization need to focus on young generation and motorcyclists to reduce traumatic accidents.
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