Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences

Published by: Kowsar
Uncorrected Proof scheduled for 23 (2)

The Incidence of Ischemic Stroke and Its Associated Factors in Young Adults in Kermanshah Over a Seven-Year Period

Payam Sari-Aslani ORCID 1 , 2 , Reza Sultanabadi 1 , 2 , Fatemeh Hosseini Array and Hiwa Mohammadi ORCID 1 , 2 , 5 , *
Authors Information
1 Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2 The Center for Development of Clinical Research, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
3 The Center for Development of Clinical Research, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
4 The Center for Development of Clinical Research, Dr. Mohammad Kermanshahi Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
5 Sleep Disorders Research Centers, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Article information
  • Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: In Press (In Press); e90139
  • Published Online: June 12, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 2, 2019
  • Revised: April 1, 2019
  • Accepted: April 9, 2019
  • DOI: 10.5812/jkums.90139

To Cite: Sari-Aslani P, Sultanabadi R, Hosseini F, Mohammadi H . The Incidence of Ischemic Stroke and Its Associated Factors in Young Adults in Kermanshah Over a Seven-Year Period, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. Online ahead of Print ; In Press(In Press):e90139. doi: 10.5812/jkums.90139.

Copyright © 2019, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Adams RD, Victor M, Ropper AH. Principle of neurology. 10th ed. McGrawhill; 2014.
  • 2. Sacco RL. Risk factors, outcomes, and stroke subtypes for ischemic stroke. Neurology. 1997;49(5 Suppl 4):S39-44. doi: 10.1212/wnl.49.5_suppl_4.s39. [PubMed: 9371148].
  • 3. Roth EJ, Lovell L, Harvey RL, Heinemann AW, Semik P, Diaz S. Incidence of and risk factors for medical complications during stroke rehabilitation. Stroke. 2001;32(2):523-9. [PubMed: 11157192].
  • 4. Alam I, Haider I, Wahab F, Khan W, Taqweem A. Risk factors stratification in 100 patients of acute stroke. J Postgrad Med Inst (Peshawar-Pakistan). 2011;18(4):123-35.
  • 5. Ropper AH. Adams and Victor's principles of neurology. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2009.
  • 6. Gold AP, Patterson MC, Nordli DR Jr. Stroke in children. In: Rowland LP, Pedley TP, editors. Merritt's neurology. 12th ed. USA: Lippincott Williams Wilkins; 2010. p. 295-301.
  • 7. Azin H, Ashjazadeh N. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis--clinical features, predisposing and prognostic factors. Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2008;17(2):82-7. [PubMed: 18686646].
  • 8. Fromm A, Waje-Andreassen U, Thomassen L, Naess H. Comparison between ischemic stroke patients <50 years and >/=50 years admitted to a single centre: The bergen stroke study. Stroke Res Treat. 2011;2011:183256. doi: 10.4061/2011/183256. [PubMed: 21318148]. [PubMed Central: PMC3034967].
  • 9. Merritt HH, Rowland LP, Pedley TA. Merritt's neurology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
  • 10. Ahmadi Ahangar A, Khafri S, Mostafazadeh M, Akbarian M, Motavalli M. [Risk factors for strokes in patients 15-45 years old admitted at Ayatollah Roohani Hospital in Babol, Iran (2009-2010)]. J Babol Univ Med Sci. 2013;15(6):95-103. Persian. doi: 10.18869/acadpub.jbums.15.6.95.
  • 11. Zetola VH, Novak EM, Camargo CH, Carraro HJ, Coral P, Muzzio JA, et al. [Stroke in young adults: Analysis of 164 patients]. Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2001;59(3-B):740-5. Portuguese. [PubMed: 11593276].
  • 12. Jovanovic DR, Beslac-Bumbasirevic L, Raicevic R, Zidverc-Trajkovic J, Ercegovac MD. Etiology of ischemic stroke among young adults of Serbia. Vojnosanit Pregl. 2008;65(11):803-9. [PubMed: 19069709].
  • 13. Ji R, Schwamm LH, Pervez MA, Singhal AB. Ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack in young adults: Risk factors, diagnostic yield, neuroimaging, and thrombolysis. JAMA Neurol. 2013;70(1):51-7. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2013.575. [PubMed: 23108720].
  • 14. Shahbazi MH, Zareiy S. [Assessment of risk factors in Cerebrovascular accident patients: Beasat Hospital between 2000 and 2001]. Ebn-e-Sina. 2007;10(3):10-4. Persian.
  • 15. Hashemilar M, Savadi Oskouei D, Jafariani M, Amini Sani N. [An etiologic study of cerebrovascular ischemic events in young adults referring to Alavi Hospital in Ardabil, 2004-2005]. J Ardabil Uni Med Sci. 2006;6(1):83-7. Persian.
  • 16. Inagawa T. Trends in incidence and case fatality rates of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in Izumo City, Japan, between 1980-1989 and 1990-1998. Stroke. 2001;32(7):1499-507. [PubMed: 11441192].
  • 17. Putaala J, Yesilot N, Waje-Andreassen U, Pitkaniemi J, Vassilopoulou S, Nardi K, et al. Demographic and geographic vascular risk factor differences in European young adults with ischemic stroke: The 15 cities young stroke study. Stroke. 2012;43(10):2624-30. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.112.662866. [PubMed: 22798330].
  • 18. Banerjee TK, Das SK. Epidemiology of stroke in India. Neurology Asia. 2006;11:1-4.
  • 19. Biderafsh A, Karami M, Faradmal J, Poorolajal J, Esmailnasab N. [The pattern of hypertension and the population attributable proportion of hypertension-related stroke in Hamadan province from 2005 to 2009]. Iran J Epidemiol. 2014;10(3):54-64. Persian.
  • 20. Beckett NS. Prevention of stroke. J Cardiovasc Risk. 2001;8(5):257-64. [PubMed: 11702030].
  • 21. Aminoff MJ. Aminoff's electrodiagnosis in clinical neurology. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2012.
  • 22. Malani PN. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. Jama. 2012;308(17):1813. doi: 10.1001/jama.308.17.1813-b.
  • 23. Spengos K, Vemmos KN. Etiology and outcome of cardioembolic stroke in young adults in Greece. Hellenic J Cardiol. 2010;51(2):127-32. [PubMed: 20378514].
  • 24. Nedeltchev K, der Maur TA, Georgiadis D, Arnold M, Caso V, Mattle HP, et al. Ischaemic stroke in young adults: Predictors of outcome and recurrence. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2005;76(2):191-5. doi: 10.1136/jnnp.2004.040543. [PubMed: 15654030]. [PubMed Central: PMC1739502].
  • 25. Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers A, Vander Hoorn S, Murray CJ; Comparative Risk Assessment Collaborating Group. Selected major risk factors and global and regional burden of disease. Lancet. 2002;360(9343):1347-60. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)11403-6. [PubMed: 12423980].
  • 26. Olsen TS, Christensen RH, Kammersgaard LP, Andersen KK. Higher total serum cholesterol levels are associated with less severe strokes and lower all-cause mortality: Ten-year follow-up of ischemic strokes in the Copenhagen Stroke Study. Stroke. 2007;38(10):2646-51. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.490292. [PubMed: 17761907].
  • 27. Deplanque D, Masse I, Lefebvre C, Libersa C, Leys D, Bordet R. Prior TIA, lipid-lowering drug use, and physical activity decrease ischemic stroke severity. Neurology. 2006;67(8):1403-10. doi: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000240057.71766.71. [PubMed: 17060566].
  • 28. Shah NR. Epidemiology of stroke. American Health & Drug Benefits; 2009.
  • 29. Katzan IL. Epidemiology of stroke. Handbook of clinical nutrition and stroke. Springer; 2013. p. 3-14. doi: 10.1007/978-1-62703-380-0_1.

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments