Comparison of periodontal manifestations in amphetamine and opioids' consumers

AUTHORS

Masoome Eivazi 1 , * , Mehdi shirzadifar 2 , Negar Mirshekarzadeh 3

1 Dept. of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Dept. of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 General dentist, Faculty of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Eivazi M, shirzadifar M, Mirshekarzadeh N. Comparison of periodontal manifestations in amphetamine and opioids' consumers, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2016 ; 19(7):e69753. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v19i7.2398.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 19 (7); e69753
Published Online: March 19, 2016
Article Type: Original Article
Received: September 13, 2015
Accepted: January 26, 2016
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Abstract

Background: Drug abuse is one of the most important etiologic and deteriorating factors in periodontal disease. Amphetamines and opioids, the most commonly used drugs worldwide, play an important role in this regard. The aim of this study was to compare the periodontal status of amphetamines and opioids consumers in Kermanshah city, Iran in 1393.

Methods: Three drug rehabilitation clinics were selected randomly in Kermanshah. According to inclusion and exclusion criteria, 20 amphetamine consumers and 20 opioid consumers were selected randomly and participated in this study. A questionnaire for drug use and periodontal variables was designed. The collected data were entered into SPSS-18 software and Mann-Whitney and t-test were used for statistical analysis.

Results: Pocket depth, gingival index and gingival bleeding in amphetamines users were more than those in opioids consumers (P<0.021). Plaque index and gingival recession in opioids users were more than those of amphetamines consumers (P<0.001). The number of periodontal disease cases in amphetamines group were 13 persons (65%) and in opioids group 8 persons (40%).

Conclusion: Our study showed that periodontal hygine in amphetamine consumers was worse than opioid consumers.

Keywords

periodontal addiction amphetamines opioids

© 2016, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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