The comparison of sleep disturbances between the subjects with headache and healthy subjects

AUTHORS

Arash Bostani 1 , Habibolah Khazaie 2 , Kianoosh Khamooshian 1 , * , Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami 3 , Dariuosh Afshari 1 , Nazanin Razazian 1 , Payam Sariaslani 1

1 Dept. of Neurology, School of medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Sleep Disorders Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

How to Cite: Bostani A, Khazaie H, Khamooshian K, Ghadami M R, Afshari D, et al. The comparison of sleep disturbances between the subjects with headache and healthy subjects, J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2015 ; 19(5):e69834. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v19i5.2433.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 19 (5); e69834
Published Online: November 19, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: April 07, 2015
Accepted: September 29, 2015
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Abstract

Background: Headache is one of the most common complaints of the patients referring to the treatment centers. Also, some studies have reported the correlation of sleep disturbances with migraine and tension headaches. This study was aimed to analyze the association of sleep disturbances with migraine and tension headaches.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1005 students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences were selected by stratified random sampling during the academic year 2013-2014.  Having attracted the participation and cooperation of the participants, sleep disorder and symptoms of headache (migraine and tension) tests were administered.

Results: The overall prevalence of headache, migraine headache and tension headache in students of medical science were 73.8 %, 16.7 % and 30.9 %, respectively. 20.3% of medical students had sleep disorder. Difficulty in sleep onset, daytime fatigue, apnea and sadness and anxiety were associated with headache. Total sleep disorder was directly associated with migraine headache (P<0.05).Conclusion: There was a correlation between sleep disorders and headache, especially migraine headache. Considering the importance of sleep in the incidence of headaches, sleep hygiene education and changes in the quality and patterns of sleep are essential for students, which can greatly affect their individual and social life.

Keywords

Sleep disorder tension headache migraine headache

© 2015, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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